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A Novel Three-Dimensional Human Peritubular Microvascular System.

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A Novel Three-Dimensional Human Peritubular Microvascular System.

J Am Soc Nephrol. 2016 Aug;27(8):2370-81

Authors: Ligresti G, Nagao RJ, Xue J, Choi YJ, Xu J, Ren S, Aburatani T, Anderson SK, MacDonald JW, Bammler TK, Schwartz SM, Muczynski KA, Duffield JS, Himmelfarb J, Zheng Y

Abstract
Human kidney peritubular capillaries are particularly susceptible to injury, resulting in dysregulated angiogenesis, capillary rarefaction and regression, and progressive loss of kidney function. However, little is known about the structure and function of human kidney microvasculature. Here, we isolated, purified, and characterized human kidney peritubular microvascular endothelial cells (HKMECs) and reconstituted a three-dimensional human kidney microvasculature in a flow-directed microphysiologic system. By combining epithelial cell depletion and cell culture in media with high concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor, we obtained HKMECs of high purity in large quantity. Unlike other endothelial cells, isolated HKMECs depended on high vascular endothelial growth factor concentration for survival and growth and exhibited high tubulogenic but low angiogenic potential. Furthermore, HKMECs had a different transcriptional profile. Under flow, HKMECs formed a thin fenestrated endothelium with a functional permeability barrier. In conclusion, this three-dimensional HKMEC-specific microphysiologic system recapitulates human kidney microvascular structure and function and shows phenotypic characteristics different from those of other microvascular endothelial cells.

PMID: 26657868 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]